6 Tips to Trial Procedures in Malaysian Courts

1. IntroductionIt is crucial for a party, namely the Plaintiff to have a cause of action before he commences an action against the Defendant. A cause of action exists if there is a Plaintiff who can sue, a Defendant who can be sued and there are material facts which entitles the Plaintiff to succeed. However, one must take note of the fact that a claim can possibly be dismissed before the case iRead More…

Submission of No Case to Answer

1. Submission of No Case to Answer It is a principle of law that the Defendant may
submit a no case to answer at the end of the Plaintiff’s case if the Defendant
is of the view that: 1) The Plaintiff had failed to establish a case in law; or
2) The evidence that was led by the Plaintiff is so unsatisfactory or
unreliable. In the case of Tan Kim Khuan v Tan Kee Kiat (M)
Sdn Bhd [1998] 1 CLRead More…

Online Hearings in 2020 Jasmine Ha

IntroductionDue to the Covid-19 pandemic and the movement control order being imposed and implemented in Malaysia, the courts face several difficulties when it comes to conducting physical hearings and trials. To overcome this issue, some changes have been made in regards to the manner the hearings and trials would be conducted in the near future. That being said, Hearings and trials are being coRead More…

Online Hearings in Court – A New Era in the Covid 19 Pandemic

Courts of Judicature (Amendment) Act 2020, Subordinate Courts (Amendment) Act 2020 And Subordinate Courts Rules (Amendment) Act 2020 The long awaited amendments to the Court
of Judicature Act 1964 (CJA 1964), Subordinate Courts Act 1948 (SCA 1948)
and Subordinate
Courts Rules Act 1955 (SCRA 1955) have finally been gazetted. They are Act
A1621 – Courts of Judicature (Amendment) Act 2020, Act Read More…

Circumstances Post is Used to Deliver Court Documents

Personal service not required unless there is express provision or is required by order of the Court. (O.62, r. 1)When personal service required (O.62, r. 1)1.     (1) Any document which by virtue of these Rules is required to be served on any person need not be served personally unless the document is one which by an express provision of these Rules or by order of the Court is required to beRead More…

Court Documents that Need to be Served by Hand

1. Introduction: Personal Service 1.1 Required when it is specifically provided for by the Rules of Court 2012 or by an order of the court. 1.2 It is effected by leaving a copy of the document with the person to be served.  The process server must show the person to be served,   in the case where the document is a writ or other originating process; the sealed copy of the document; Read More…

What should students expect from an attachment?

Average number of attachment students The ratio of lawyers to attachment students
per annum in Alex Chang & Co (hereinafter ACC) can be put down as 2:12
(sometimes more). Since ACC is not a relatively large firm, the number of
attachment students who joined ACC each year can be said to be rather high. In
contrast, applying the same mathematical ratio of 2:12 to larger law firms,
there woulRead More…

Debate VS submission in Court

What’s the difference? What is debate? [1] According to the Oxford English Dictionary, debate is “a formal discussion on a particular matter in a public meeting or legislative assembly, in which opposing arguments are put forward and which usually ends with a vote.” A debate is often conducted with a moderator and an audience, in addition to the debate participants. [2] Logical cRead More…

discharge bankruptcy

Discharge of Bankruptcy at the Discretion of DGI S33A and 33B Insolvency Act and Case Study

The Act in brief [1]
S33A of Insolvency Act confers the power of discharge of bankrupt to Director
General of Insolvency (DGI). The section says that as the DGI may, in his
discretion but subject to section 33B, issue a certificate discharging a
bankrupt from bankruptcy after five years of the adjudgment of bankruptcy
order. [2]
A notice of his intention to issue the certificate should be Read More…

What comes after liquidation

Does the company cease operations immediately? [1]
A company can enter into liquidation procedure in two manners, by voluntary liquidation andmembers’ voluntary
winding up (Section 432(2)(a) of the Companies Act 2016);creditors’ voluntary
winding up (Section 432(2)(b) of the Companies Act
2016) compulsory liquidation (Section
464 of the Companies Act 2016). [2]
In each circumstance, Read More…

Hearings at the Court of Appeal during the RMCO

was my first-time visiting the Court of Appeal and I have been privileged
enough to be given this chance to visit it during the RMCO, hence, there are a
few rules we had to abide by. My first court experience was everything I
imagined and more. I witnessed first-hand how counsels present their cases
right before the judges. Moreover, I even got to assist my colleague, Miss Ng
in handing over tRead More…


Judgment Debtor Summons

Introduction to Judgment Debtor Summons A judgment debtor summon is an enforcement procedure for the
recovery or payment of money. For instance, if a defendant fails or refuses to pay a judgment sum
worth RM25000, then a judgment debtor summons will be taken out against the
defendant. The defendant will then be known as the judgment debtor who is the
person against whom the judgment or ordRead More…

Garnishee Proceedings

What are Garnishee
Proceedings? A garnishee proceeding is
a form of judgment enforcement procedure used to pursue judgment debts, normally
when a respondent fails to comply with a monetary judgment obtained by a
claimant. The rules governing these
proceedings are provided under Order 49 of the Rules of Court 2012.  The three parties generally
involved are the judgment creditor, juRead More…

Oversea’s Company Starting Business Venture in Malaysia

Background (中文版) A Chinese Company (“C”) was lured by a company that is incorporated in Malaysia(“M”) to expand his business to Malaysia. C agreed to it and hence incorporated his company in Malaysia before entering into a fixed-term contract (“Contract”) with M, as the exclusive subcontractor of M. In order to fulfil the contractual obligation, C entered into a TenanRead More…


故事背景 (English Version) 一间中国公司(“中方”)被一间马来西亚企业(“马方”)游说来马来西亚开拓事业。中方同意了马方的建议,于此在马来西亚成立了一家公司,同时也与马方签署了定期合约(“合约”)。中方于约同意成为马方的专属分包商。 为了履行合约条款,中方再一次与马方签Read More…


English Version “我不还,你能怎样?告我吗?” 的确,在马来西亚,面对欠债不换的债务人唯一方法是起诉债务人。 债,对债务人及债权人都是个巨大的问题,在马来西亚也不例外。这篇文章将会证明在马来西亚,打官司是最有效的讨债方式。 马来西亚人对债的文化 在一个
Euler Hermes 的研究Read More…

Why litigate in Malaysia

Why litigate in Malaysia? 中文版 “If
I do not pay up, what can you do? Sue me?” Unfortunately, the reality in
Malaysia is that practically, the only way to deal with a defaulting debtor is
to take legal action against the debtor. Debt
is a major issue for both the debtor and creditor and this is no exception in
Malaysia. In Malaysia, it is a major hurdle to collect debts and this Read More…